12th Grade Introduction To Anatomy And Physiology Lesson Plan Example (Anatomy And Physiology)

Topic: Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

Objectives & Outcomes

  • Understand the concepts of structure and function in living things.
  • Understand the relationship between structure and function in the body.
  • Learn the terminology used by anatomists to communicate about the body.


  • Human or animal anatomy model
  • Handouts with illustrations and descriptions of parts of the body
  • Pen or pencil


  • Have students stand up and stretch. Ask them to focus on a particular body part, such as the hand, and think about what it does and how it looks. Then, have them share their thoughts with a partner.
  • Ask the class to raise their hands if the body part they were thinking about is a structure (e.g. bones, organs, etc.), and to raise their hand if the body part is a system (e.g. skeletal, muscular, etc.).

Direct Instruction

  • Introduce the class to the terms used to describe body structures and functions, such as:
  • skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems
  • organ and tissue types
  • homeostasis
  • Discuss the relationship between structure and function in the body and how anatomists use specific terminology to communicate about the body.

Guided Practice

  • Provide handouts with labeled diagrams of the major body systems and structures. Have students use the dictionaries or other reference materials to help them identify the structures and their functions.
  • Allow students to work in small groups to identify and describe the structures and their functions.

Independent Practice

  • Provide students with an interactive tutorial or other resources to help them review and practice their terminology and structures.


  • Have students reflect on what they have learned and how it relates to other subjects they have studied.


  • Have students complete a quiz or test to assess their understanding of the material.
  • Observe students during the dissection and give feedback on their technique.
  • Use the guided notes and independent practice as a formative assessment of students' understanding of the material.

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