# 1st Grade Patterns Lesson Plan (Math)

## Topic: Patterns

### Objectives & Outcomes

• Students will be able to identify and describe different patterns in the world around them, such as patterns in music and nature.

### Materials

• Handouts with different types of patterns (musical, geometric, culinary, etc.)
• Pictures or objects that demonstrate each type of pattern
• Pencils and paper for students to draw their own patterns

### Warm-up

• Have students close their eyes and listen to a short clip of music, maybe a song that they know well.
• As the music plays, have them pay attention to any repeating elements they hear, such as the same lyrics or a specific instrument.
• After the music stops, ask them if they heard any patterns in the music.

### Direct Instruction

• Introduce the concept of a pattern to the students.
• Give examples of simple patterns, such as the ABC pattern or the 123 pattern.
• Explain that a pattern is a series of items that repeats itself, and that the next item in the pattern can be found by following a specific rule or formula.
• Show the students the pattern cards and have them identify the pattern on each card.
• Ask them to identify the next item in the pattern based on the rule provided on the card.
• Encourage them to try to find the next item in the pattern on their own using the provided rule.

### Guided Practice

• Provide students with multiple pattern cards and have them work in pairs to find the next item in the pattern using the provided rule.
• Walk around the classroom and provide support and assistance as needed.
• Encourage the students to explain their reasoning behind each answer.
• If time allows, challenge the students to find the next item in a more complex pattern (e.g. AABB, ABBAABB).

### Independent Practice

• Provide students with a set of pattern cards and have them work individually to find the next item in the pattern using the provided rule.
• Encourage the students to use their pencils and erasers to make corrections to their work as needed.
• Allow time for the students to complete the activity.

### Closure

• Have the students share their completed pattern cards with the class.
• Ask the students to explain how they found the next item in the pattern using the provided rule.

### Assessment

• Observe the students during independent practice to see if they are able to find the next item in the pattern using the provided rule.
• Collect the students' pattern cards and assess their understanding of the rule and their ability to apply it to find the next item in the pattern.