# The Movement Of Shapes Lesson Plan Example for 5th Grade Students

## Topic: Transformations to describe the movement of shapes

### Objectives & Outcomes

• Students will be able to describe the movement of shapes including transformation, rotation, and reflection.

### Materials

• Images of shapes in different orientations (e.g. a square rotated 90 degrees, a triangle reflected over a vertical line)
• Pencils and paper for students to draw their own illustrations-

### Warm-up

• Ask students if they have ever seen a square rotated or a triangle reflected before. Invite a few volunteers to share their experiences with the class.
• Show the class a few images of shapes in different orientations and ask them to describe what they see happening to the shapes.

### Direct Instruction

• Define transformation, rotation, and reflection and give examples of each.
• Demonstrate how to transform a square into a rectangle and a triangle into a parallelogram using the corresponding transformation tools in GeoGebra.
• Show how to rotate a shape using the rotation tool in GeoGebra and discuss the effect of different angles on the shape.
• Explain how reflection can be used to flip a shape over a line, and demonstrate how to do this using the reflection tool in GeoGebra.

### Guided Practice

• Have students work in pairs to complete the following tasks using the tools in GeoGebra:
• Transforming a square into a rectangle
• Rotating a shape 90 degrees
• Performing a reflection over the line x=2
• Have students share their work and explain their process.

### Independent Practice

• Have students work individually to complete the following tasks using GeoGebra:
• Transforming a rectangle into a square
• Rotating a shape 180 degrees
• Performing a reflection over the line x=-3
• Encourage students to use the tools in GeoGebra to help them in their work.

### Closure

• Have students share their work with the class and explain the processes they used to transform the shapes.
• Review the concepts of transformation and reflection, and discuss how they are related.

### Assessment

• Observe students during independent practice to assess their understanding of transformation and reflection.
• Collect and review the students' worksheets to assess their ability to identify and name transformation and reflection and apply them to describe the movement of shapes.
• Give a quiz at a later time to assess the students' retention of the concepts.