Central Idea Of A Text Lesson Plan for 6th Grade Example Students

Topic:Central Idea of a Text

Objectives & Outcomes

  • Students will be able to identify the central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through details.
  • Students will be able to provide an objective summary of a text.


  • Copies of a variety of texts (e.g. short stories, articles, poems, news stories) for students to analyze
  • Handouts with guiding questions for analyzing texts


  • Ask students to think about a favorite book or movie.
  • Ask them to explain the main idea and how the details helped them understand the main idea.
  • Encourage students to use examples from the workshop activities to support their explanations.

Direct Instruction

  • Introduce the concept of a central idea and explain that it is the main idea of a text.
  • Provide examples of central ideas, including:
  • A summary of the main events or ideas
  • A theme or lesson that the author is trying to convey
  • A statement that summarizes the main points or ideas
  • Explain that details are the information and details that help to support the central idea.
  • Provide examples of details, including:
  • Specific details that help to explain the central idea
  • General details that give context to the central idea
  • Key words or phrases that summarize the central idea
  • Ask students to brainstorm a list of details that they think might be important for understanding the central idea of a text.

Guided Practice

  • Give students a text with a central idea and have them work in small groups to discuss the central idea and identify the details that support it.
  • Have each group present their findings to the class and discuss as a whole group.

Independent Practice

  • Have students choose a text of their own (could be a book, magazine article, poem, etc.) and identify the central idea and details that support it.
  • Have students write a short essay explaining the central idea and how it is conveyed through the details.


  • Ask students to share their essays with the class and discuss how the central idea and details were identified and how they support the main point of the text.


  • Observe students during the independent practice and offer feedback during a small-group or individual conference. Assess the resulting essays for their ability to convey a central idea and support it with details.

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