9th Grade World Maps Lesson Plan Example (Social Studies)

Topic: Map of Africa and Europe

Objectives & Outcomes

  • Students will be able to identify the major physical features and major countries of Africa and Europe on a map.


  • Map of Africa and Europe
  • Markers or colored pencils
  • Construction paper or cardboard
  • Glue
  • Ruler or straight edge


  • Have students stand up and stretch for a few seconds. Ask them to name the major physical features of Africa and Europe, such as the Sahara Desert or the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Write their answers on the board.

Direct Instruction

  • Show the students the map of Africa and point out the Sahara Desert, the Nile River, and other major physical features.
  • Explain that the Sahara Desert is the largest desert in the world and covers most of northern Africa.
  • Show the students the map of Europe and point out the Mediterranean Sea, the Alps, and other major physical features.
  • Explain that the Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar and it separates Europe from Africa.
  • Show the students the map of Europe and point out the countries of Europe.
  • Explain that Europe is divided into various countries, such as France, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom.

Guided Practice

  • Have the students work in pairs and give each pair a set of post-it notes or pieces of colored paper.
  • Ask the students to use the pieces of paper to create a map of Africa, using the post-it notes or pieces of paper to represent physical features and countries.
  • As the students work, circulate the room and offer assistance as needed.

Independent Practice

  • Ask the students to work in groups and create a map of Europe.
  • Encourage the students to use a variety of physical features (e.g. rivers, mountains) and color to represent the different countries.


  • "Have each group present their map to the class and explain the physical features and colors they chose to represent the different countries."
  • "Ask the students to reflect on the importance of using maps and explain how they can help us find our way and learn about different places."


  • Observe the students during the group activity and during their independent practice to assess their understanding of the different physical features and colors of Europe and Africa.
  • Collect the students' final projects and review them to assess their ability to effectively use maps and explain the importance of using maps.

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