Kindergarten Basics Of The Alphabet Lesson Plan Example

Topic: Basics of the Alphabet

Objectives & Outcomes

  • By the end of this lesson, learners will be able to write and recognize the letters of the alphabet.


  • Writing paper
  • Pencils
  • Alphabet cards (one for each learner)


  • Review the concept of reading by have learners read simple words out loud, such as cat, dog, etc.
  • Introduce the concept of the alphabet by showing the learners the alphabet cards and asking them to name the letters they see.

Direct Instruction

  • Review the names of the letters of the alphabet one by one, asking the learners to repeat each letter after you say it.
  • Have the learners copy the letters of the alphabet on paper, starting with the letter A and progressing through the rest of the alphabet.
  • Encourage the learners to use their fingers to trace the shapes of the letters and to try to make their letters as similar to the model as possible.

Guided Practice

  • Have the learners practice writing the letters of the alphabet with the help of the teacher or a more experienced classmate.
  • Take the time to review the correct formation of each letter and correct any mistakes that the learners make.
  • Continue working on the alphabet until all of the letters are mastered.

Independent Practice

  • Have the learners work on an alphabet book. This can be a simple book that contains pictures of objects starting with each letter of the alphabet and the name of the object written below the picture.
  • Have the learners choose a letter of the alphabet and create a page for their alphabet book. They can either write the letters or use cut-out letters to create their page.
  • Encourage the learners to be creative and have fun with their alphabet book.


  • Have the learners share their completed alphabet books with the class.
  • Have the learners review the letters of the alphabet and the sounds that each letter makes.


  • Observe the learners as they work on their alphabet books and provide feedback on their letter formation and pronunciation.
  • Collect and review the completed alphabet books to assess the learners' progress in mastering the letters of the alphabet and the corresponding sounds.

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