Letter Sounds Lesson Plan for Kindergarten Example Students

Objectives & Outcomes

  • Students will be able to match upper-case letters with their corresponding lower-case letters and sounds.


  • Set of upper-case letters (a-z)
  • Set of lower-case letters (a-z)
  • Chart with upper-case letters, lower-case letters, and corresponding sounds
  • Pencils and paper for each student


  • Review the alphabet and the sounds that each letter makes.
  • Have students practice saying the sounds of each letter out loud.

Direct Instruction

  • Introduce the letters A-E and the corresponding sounds that they make.
  • Show the students the flashcards and have them identify the letter and sound it makes.
  • Have the students repeat the sound after you to ensure that they understand and remember it.
  • Illustrate how the letters combine to form words, and have the students identify the sounds that each letter makes in the word.

Guided Practice

  • Have the students work in pairs and take turns showing each other their flashcards and helping each other identify the letters and sounds they make.
  • Encourage the students to ask questions and make observations about the letters and sounds.

Independent Practice

  • Have the students create a poster or book to teach their classmates the letters and sounds they have learned.
  • They can use their flashcards and any other resources they can find to create their poster or book.


  • Have the students share their posters or books with the class.
  • Ask the students to recite the letters and sounds they have learned.


  • Observe the students during independent practice to assess their ability to match letters with sounds.
  • Collect and review the students' posters or books to assess their ability to write the letters and sounds correctly.

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