# Calculation Lesson Plan for Kindergarten Students

## Topic:Calculation

### Objectives & Outcomes

• By the end of this lesson, students will be able to add and subtract two-digit numbers using concrete models.

### Materials

• Concrete models of numbers (e.g. physical manipulatives such as blocks, or visual representations such as drawings or digital images)
• Worksheets for practice

### Warm-up

• Review the concept of place value and the concept of counting by rote (e.g. count to 100 by tens, then by ones)
• Ask students to count to a certain number using the correct method, then have them demonstrate their counting method by using concrete models or digital representations

### Direct Instruction

• Introduce the concept of calculation and the various methods of calculating with numbers (e.g. addition, subtraction, multiplication, division)
• Show and demonstrate the use of concrete models or digital representations to solve problems
• Demonstrate how to use place value to perform calculations

### Guided Practice:

• Show and have the students work with the teacher to solve a series of problems using concrete models or digital representations

### Independent Practice:

• Have the students work in pairs to solve a series of problems using manipulatives or digital representations. They can check their answers with the teacher and discuss their reasoning.

### Closure

• Review the concept of place value and how it is used to represent numbers. Have the students give examples of how they would represent different numbers using place value.
• Ask the students to share a challenge they faced while solving the math problems and how they overcame it.

### Assessment

• Observe the students during the independent practice to assess their understanding of place value and how to use it to represent numbers.
• Collect and review the students' math problems to assess their ability to solve -simple addition and subtraction problems.