Kindergarten Science Lesson Plan

Topic: Science

Objectives & Outcomes

• Students will be able to understand the basic concepts of simple machines and how they work.

Materials

• Cardboard box
• Scissors
• Glue
• String
• Markers or crayons
• Small wooden sticks or blocks
• Small buttons or other small objects for the pulley demonstration

Warm-up

• Have the students sit in a circle. Hold up a small wooden stick and ask the students to raise their hand if they think the wooden stick can lift a heavy object.
• Ask the students to explain their reasoning.
• Show the students a small button and ask them to raise their hand if they think the small button can lift a heavy object.
• Ask the students to explain their reasoning.
• Introduce the concept of simple machines and their uses.

Direct Instruction

• Show the students the small wooden stick, button, and heavy object.
• Have the students predict whether the small wooden stick and button can lift the heavy object.
• Demonstrate how to use the small wooden stick and button to create a simple machine that can lift the heavy object.
• Explain how simple machines such as the pulley, lever, and wheel and axle can be used to lift heavy objects.

Guided Practice

• Have the students work in pairs to create their own simple machines using the small wooden stick, button, and heavy object.
• Have the students use their simple machines to lift the heavy object.

Independent Practice

• Have the students use their simple machines to lift different heavy objects, such as a book, pencil, or napkin.
• Encourage the students to record their findings and make observations about the effectiveness of their simple machines.

Closure

• Review the different simple machines and their functions.
• Ask the students to share their observations about the effectiveness of their simple machines and discuss any challenges they faced.

Assessment

• Observe the students during the design process and give feedback on their ability to choose an appropriate simple machine to complete the given task.
• Collect the students' completed simple machines and assess their effectiveness in completing the given task.
• Use the simple machines the students have created as a form of assessment to check their understanding of the different simple machines and their functions.