9th Grade Inflation And Unemployment Lesson Plan Example (Social Studies)

Topic: Inflation and Unemployment

Objectives & Outcomes

  • Students will be able to explain what causes inflation and unemployment, and how government policies can be used to combat these economic challenges.


  • Handout with definitions and explanations of inflation and unemployment
  • Chart or graph with historical data on inflation and unemployment rates
  • Graph paper and markers
  • Calculators or computers for impact analysis project


  • Show student the chart or graph with historical data on inflation and unemployment rates and ask them to make observations about the trends they see. What do they notice about the trends in inflation and unemployment over time?
  • Write the following definitions on the board: Inflation-An increase in the overall level of prices in an economy

Unemployment-The lack of job opportunities in an economy

Direct Instruction

  • Use the definitions to explain what inflation and unemployment are and how they are related.
  • Explain that both inflation and unemployment are measures of the health of an economy. Inflation is a measure of how much prices are rising, and unemployment is a measure of how many people are able to find work.
  • Discuss the causes of inflation and unemployment, using the handouts to provide examples and explanations.
  • Highlight the implications of high inflation and high unemployment for individuals and society.
  • Ask students to think about how they may be affected by inflation and unemployment and how they may be affected by high or low levels of these economic indicators.

Guided Practice

  • Provide students with a scenario and ask them to consider the effects of inflation and unemployment on a particular individual or group. For example, a scenario could include a family with two children and a low income, or a small business owner with a limited budget to spend on supplies and employees.
  • Have students work in small groups to discuss the scenario and come up with possible solutions to the economic challenges presented. Encourage them to consider the implications of their solutions for the health of the economy as a whole.

Independent Practice

  • Have students work individually or in small groups to create a presentation on a specific topic related to inflation and unemployment. Possible topics could include the historical causes of inflation, the economic consequences of inflation and unemployment, and potential strategies for addressing these issues. Encourage students to use visual aids and other effective presentation techniques to convey their ideas to the class.


  • Review the main points of the lesson and have students share their presentations with the class. Encourage students to ask questions and discuss the topics covered in more depth.


  • Observe students during the independent practice activity and provide feedback on their understanding of the concepts covered in the lesson. Collect and grade the presentations produced by students as a formative assessment.Evaluation
  • Use the information gathered through the assessment and independent practice activity to evaluate the effectiveness of the lesson. Consider revising the lesson plan or modifying the presentation of the material based on student understanding.

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