By the end of this lesson, students will be able to recognize and identify numbers up to 20.

Materials

20 cards with numbers 1-20

Whiteboard and markers

Magnifying glass (optional)

Warm-up

Review the concept of counting by using a basket of small objects such as beans or rice. Have the students count the objects one by one, then have them count in pairs, then in groups of three, etc.

Direct Instruction

Introduce the game of mai, which is a traditional Chinese game played with sticks and a basket. Mai is a good game to introduce because it involves counting by 1s, 2s, and 5s, which are the numbers that we want to focus on in this lesson.

Demonstrate how to play mai, then have the students try it on their own.

As the students play mai, stop to give feedback and guidance. Encourage them to use the correct number words for 1s, 2s, and 5s. If a student says the wrong number word, gently correct them and encourage them to try again.

Guided Practice

Divide the students into small groups and give each group a set of mai sticks and a basket.

Have the students use the sticks and basket to play mai, with teacher supervision. As they play, walk around the room and offer feedback and guidance. Encourage the students to use the correct number words for 1s, 2s, and 5s. If a student says the wrong number word, gently correct them and encourage them to try again.

As the students play, write the numbers 1-5 on the board and have the students identify the numbers as you write them.

Independent Practice

Give each student a page with 5 small squares on it.

Have the students use the mai sticks and basket to practice writing the numbers 1-5, with guidance from the teacher as needed. Encourage the students to use the correct number words for 1s, 2s, and 5s. If a student says the wrong number word, gently correct them and encourage them to try again.

As the students practice, walk around the room and offer feedback and guidance. Encourage the students to use the correct number words for 1s, 2s, and 5s. If a student says the wrong number word, gently correct them and encourage them to try again.

Closure

Review the numbers that the students have learned today. Ask the students to say the numbers 1-5, and have them repeat the number words. Encourage the students to use the correct number words for 1s, 2s, and 5s. If a student says the wrong number word, gently correct them and encourage them to try again.

Ask the students to practice writing the numbers 1-5. Have the students use the mai sticks and basket to write the numbers 1-5 on their small squares.

Assessment

Observe the students during the independent practice activity to assess their understanding of the numbers 1-5. Look for the students to accurately write the numbers 1-5 using the mai sticks and basket. Also look for the students to use the proper number words for 1s, 2s, and 5s.

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